Between “Koto” & “Hablu Min Nan Nas” - The Perceptions of Intercultural Environmental Education in Local Gardens: A Preliminary Study on Selected Japanese Gardens Design around Kyoto City, Japan

By Maheran Yaman and Masashi Kawasaki.

Published by The Global Studies Journal

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Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

There are two types of garden in this study. One type is the gardens which, are designed for strolling and observing. Examples of them are the Tenryu-ji garden (Figure 1) and the Ryoan-ji (Figure 2) gardens. Both are World Cultural Heritage sites (Kubota & Oshima, 2007). These are examples of garden in temples or worshiping public area. The second type is gardens for royalty such as Katsura. Every angle of areas in Katsura garden (Figures 3 & 4) gives different views. The four seasonal changes add to the dramatic effect of colours in the picturesque frame (Kawasaki & Yamaguchi, 2007). This kind of garden is a mixed of both as described earlier. The overall intentions for all the gardens examples above are for meditation or learning from the environment. Thus, explains the Japanese notion of koto which is similar to the concept of hablu min nan nas (relation of human and environment). In Islam, it can be a useful concept to explain on environmental link with education.

Keywords: Garden, Environment and Learning

Global Studies Journal, Volume 1, Issue 1, pp.19-26. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 1.366MB).

Dr. Maheran Yaman

Lecturer/Head of Department, Department of Landscape Architecture, International Islamic University, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

An academia in landscape architecture reside in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Teaching in a 25 years old university consists of 100 international nations. Currently, involved in self sustained development for disabled in local village, using herbs as therapy and economic return. Also, is on an on-going research about colonial landscape archeology back home in Malaysia.A research member too with Kyoto University under JSPS undergoing a research about Mangrove. Also, has established an international research on school with Sugiyama Jogakuen University, School of Human Life Science, Department of Human, Environment and Design in Nagoya, Japan. The school research is considered global, involving members from Malaysia (self), Singapore, Australia, Korea, Japan and France.

Dr. Masashi Kawasaki

Associate Professor, Kyoto University, Japan


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