Economic Reforms in India and the Conflicting Naxalite Movement

By Adhitya Srinivasan.

Published by The Global Studies Journal

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Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

In 1991, the Indian Government legislated to reduce trade barriers, thus opening the Indian economy to the global economy. Almost instantly, the quality of life and the standard of living among the middle-classes upwards improved phenomenally. An unprecedented wave of consumerism swept the urban centres of India. People, but as it would seem, were relishing in this wave of prosperity.

But India is a divided state, so much so that amidst the wave of prosperity emanating from the reforms, the poor India was forgotten. A quiet anger was fomented among the exploited, neglected populace of the country. The Naxalites are an extreme Left-Wing outfit committed towards destabilizing the Indian state. Over the last two decades, they have successfully expanded their influence over much of the heartland, clamouring against the State.

This paper seeks to understand the economic rationale of the Naxalites and determine whether their opposition to globalization is born merely out of unbridled anti-capitalism or whether there exist legitimate, unvoiced concerns. This paper also seeks to analyze how the conflicting economic agendas could play out in the context of social conflict. Further, the paper suggests an approach to combating Naxalism. Finally, the paper concludes by examining the role of globalization in solving the impasse.

Keywords: 1991 Reforms, Liberalization, The Indian State, Naxalism, Rural Poor, Poor India, Rich India, Social Conflict, Caste Warfare, Anti-Capitalism, Globalization, Maoist, Democracy, Middle Classes

Global Studies Journal, Volume 2, Issue 3, pp.37-48. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 1.248MB).

Adhitya Srinivasan

National Law Institute University, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India

Adhitya studied in Dubai at the Dubai Modern High School. While at school, he participated and won a number of debates, notably, the All India Chuckerbutty Debate at Doon School and the Consul General Debate at the Indian Consulate. In 2007, he constituted and took over as Founder President of the School’s debating society - the Modern Debating Society. Having passed his Indian Certificate for School Examinations (I.C.S.E) and his Indian School Certificate (I.S.C) Examinations, he is currently pursuing his First Year of the Five Year Integrated B.A. LL.B. (Hons) course at the National Law Institute University, Bhopal. His academic interests broadly include Politics (primarily, though not limited to, Indian politics), Tax Laws and RBI Monetary Policy.


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