The dilemma of economic growth and environmental constraint is addressed by the current international cooperation mechanism framed under Tokyo Protocol. The reaction from the big developing economies has great significance for the designed purpose. All economies are under technological and institutional lock-in of the current technologies and institutions. The essential point to evaluate the effectiveness of the mechanism is to assess whether and how the mechanism locks out the carbon intensive technologies and institutions. South Africa, as the biggest economy and the most developed economy in Africa, is chosen as a case to show how the national policy is evolved with the international mechanism.
This study has both theoretic and practical implications. It contributes to our knowledge of innovation, the evolution of technologies, institutions and policies. It can also help the policy maker both national and international to understand, to design and to implement the cooperative mechanism.
|Keywords:||Climate Policy, CDM, Lock-in, South Africa|
Master Candidate of Global Studies, Centre of Advanced Studies, Leipzig, Germany
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