Effective global climate change responses must take account of the likely incidence of resource related conflicts in the 21st century. Consequently, developing effective responses to global climate change will require the replacement of rights-based approaches to states’ sovereignty in favour of responsibilities-based models of political authority. Among other things, responsibilities-based statehood would support the introduction of stronger compliance and monitoring mechanisms in states’ international dealings. Responsibilities-based statehood would establish new institutions and structures to alleviate the risks of grand-scale and recurrent conflict arising from global climate change impacts such as loss of habitable and arable land, and redistributions in freshwater resources. This paper argues that establishing a broadly accepted model of collective responsibility will be essential to the successful implementation of climate change mitigation and adaptation strategies since these rely upon political actors, structures and institutions for international development and implementation. Establishing new principles for recognising and determining collective responsibilities and achieving these goals will require the abandonment of states’ individuated rights-based claims to sovereign independence.
|Keywords:||Responsibilities-based Sovereignty, Global Climate Change Responses, 21st Century Global Security|
Lecturer, History/Politics, School of Humanities, Communications and Social Sciences, Monash University Gippsland Campus, Churchill, Victoria, Australia
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