Comparative Evaluation of the Peace Concept in Both Hegemonic and Pluralistic Value Discourses
Preserving peace and security and preventing war are among the biggest
challenges for today’s world, along with ethical concerns which have attracted
the interest and attention of theorists in the realms of government
relations and in the arena of international relations. Ethics gains have no meaning in international relations unless teamed with the concepts of peace
and security. The efforts of the global community in formulating conventions,
charters, declarations, and statements based on moralistic theories have
focused on peace. But there is no consensus on determining these subtle goals
or for executing these conventions, charters, and moral theories. The purpose
of this study is to compare inclining to hegemonic structures
versus indicating the value of pluralism in international relations.
The aim is to clarify which of the above can promote peace and security
most appropriately in an international system.
The results from the research show that the most significant difference
between the two theories, in terms of the concept of peace, is that hegemonic
theories see peace and order in one or more governors, whilst the theories
indicating value pluralism seek peace and stability in accepting and
institutionalizing the tenets of plurality and autonomy. The order resulting
from hegemonic power leads to domination that is inherently immoral,
since it implies superiority and domination of one or more identities, cultures,
and relevant values over the others. The supremacy and domination are
reasonably conducive to intervention, which in turn is considered as one of the
most important factors in destabilizing the process among countries. But in
pluralism, where national and ethical values are at their most pluralistic, the value discourses converge and unite in one point and it is “to
recognize the heterogeneous values.” This unification entails peace both
ethically and reasonably.
||Peace, Ethics, Hegemony, Value Pluralism
Global Studies Journal, Volume 4, Issue 1, pp.39-52.
Article: Print (Spiral Bound).
Article: Electronic (PDF File; 755.139KB).
Professor and Dean of the Faculty, Political Science Department, Faculty of Administrative Science and Economics, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran (Islamic Republic of)
I graduated from Imamsadegh University in Tehran (Iran) with an MA in Political Science in 1989. I went to Belgium in 1991 and continued my study at the Free University of Brussels (Belgium) and I got my Ph.D. in political Science in 1995. I returned to Iran and, since 1995, I have been a member of the Political Science Department in the faculty of Administrative Science and Economics of the University of Isfahan (Iran). I have taught different courses at various levels i.e., BA, MA, and Ph D. I have written around 30 articles in diverse fields, including International Relations, Political Sociology, Democracy, Foreign Policy, Global Citizenship, Globalization, Iranian Culture, etc. I am also author or co-author of 6 books. My most recent publications include a chapter entitled “Shanghai’s Cooperation, Organization and Membership of Iran” for Bahram Navazeni’s Iran and the World: Some Contemporary Developments
published by Cambridge Scholars Publishing, UK, 2010, and a chapter called “Hierarchy and Power,” on Iranian Women and Constitutional Revolution, published by URSS, Moscow, 2009. I have participated in many different international conferences such as Third Global Studies Conference (South Korea, 2010), 82th International Conference of the Political Science Association of Canada (Ottawa, 2009), International Conference of Globalizing Religions and Cultures in the Asia Pacific (Australia 2008), and Feminism: International Conference of Women’s and Gender Studies (Australia, 2003).
Islamic Azad University, Kermanshah, Iran (Islamic Republic of)
I got my BA in Political Science from Kermanshah University and my MA in Political Science from Isfahan University. Now I am working as a lecturer at the Islamic Azad University and Payamenoor University in Kermanshah (Iran) teaching constitutional law of I.R. of Iran, contemporary Islamic Movements and political thoughts of Imam Khomeini. I have published several articles, such as “A geopolitical explanation of Power” and “International sanctions and formation of oppositional movements according to relative deprivation theory: case study from I.R. of Iran.” I have also participated in a few conferences in Iran presenting my papers including “An analysis of the United States behavioral approaches towards I.R. of Iran according to interdependence theory,” “An explanation of the degree of international sanctions efficiency in changing in a given country,” “A role of Kurd identity in formation of Iranian identity,” “An evaluation of the concept and process of security in the Persian Gulf due to humanitarian interference,” “The effects of media war of the USA against Iran on regional security of the Persian Gulf,” and “International media diplomacy towards I.R. of Iran nuclear crisis.” I have also cooperated in a research project on “The role of police in increasing security to attract tourists: case study from Isfahan.”
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