The impact of globalization and neo-liberalistic policies has created a hostile atmosphere for indigenous languages in an effort to force cultural assimilation and create passive consumers. English is often touted as the language of international understanding, national unity, economic development, and the language of academia. These ideologies have impacted educational policies worldwide, specifically in matters of language of instruction and the marginalizing of native languages. Framed by Rawls’s theory of social justice, South African post-apartheid educational policies and practices will be discussed with respect to the effects of English as the mode of instruction and the retention of indigenous African languages. The practice of using English as a mode of instruction at the expense of native languages serves to justify the hegemonic and exploitative aspects of neo-liberal economic policies; thereby creating an atmosphere of neo-colonialism. For there to be social justice, there must be parity for speakers of all languages, celebrating and building upon cultural and linguistic diversity.
|Keywords:||Neo-Colonialism, Neo-Liberalism, South Africa, Education, Language of Instruction, Social Justice|
Ph. D. Student, College of Educational Studies, Chapman University, Orange, California, USA
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