This paper sets out to discuss the conservation of protected natural areas in light of an integrated approach to heritage conservation in order to understand the process to protect these assets for the present and future generations. The starting point of the analysis is to understand the theoretical and methodological tools guiding the management of the protection of natural and cultural heritage worldwide, including by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), the International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN), and the International Council on Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS). The focus of the research is an evaluation of the effectiveness of these management tools for protecting the set of values assigned to these assets, and in particular, to national parks worldwide, which form one of the categories of protected areas containing a complex overlapping of biological, geological, aesthetic, scenic and cultural values. Identifying and recognizing heritage values is fundamental to the construction of operational instruments applicable to the monitoring process of saving natural and cultural heritage.
|Keywords:||Heritage Conservation, Values of Nature, Significance of Natural/Cultural Heritage|
Reseacher, Architecture and Urbanism Department, Federal University of Pernambuco–UFPE, Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil
Senior Professor, Architecture and Urbanism Department, Federal University of Pernambuco - UFPE, Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil
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