The Union of South American Nations (UNASUR) originated from the project of the South American Community of Nations (SACN) proposed by Brazil. Since 2004 South American nations have been working to strengthen their ties and overcome the neoliberal crisis and their 1990s-era alignments with the US and the North. The aim of this article is to study UNASUR, presenting its nature, prospects, challenges, and goals for building a framework of political, strategic and economic cooperation in South America. These goals are closely related to a Third World and autonomous view of International Relations that seek the democratization of international organizations, sustainable development and fairness in talks. This perspective from the South encourages horizontal cooperation across South America and strengthens the continent’s ties with other similar regions, such as Africa and Asia. The UNASUR project provides an autonomous identity for its members and an independent agenda on foreign policy that needs to be better understood in its contents and impacts.
|Keywords:||Union of South American Nations, Regional Integration, Brazilian Foreign Policy, South-South Relations, Third World|
Professor, Department of International Relations, Federal University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil
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