Globalizations and NGOs in the Americas: New Diplomacies in Argentina and Mexico

By Antonio Alejo.

Published by The Global Studies Journal

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Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

This article presents the results of PhD research on the transformation process of NGO practices in the Americas with regard to the incipient development of local/global scales, permanent interaction in agendas, strategies and discourses on civil society actors. The analysis focused on the political dimension of globalization and assumed that the study of NGO practices in the Americas is not limited to showing how to “resist” or “protest.” Civil society actors in the Americas are contributing to the development of new institutions and public policies to redefine the relations between governments and societies in a globalized world. In this sense, states, institutions and societies are changing as part of a global frame. Using the method of multiple case studies from collective action dimensions (political structure opportunities, mobilization structures) and connections with identity, this paper attempts to shows how NGOs adapt their organizations and discourses to be more effective, as they try to gain influence though multi-scale, complex multilateralism.
With the multiple case study method, this research tested a hypothesis and offers a perspective from which to study the transnational practices of NGOs in the Americas. New Diplomacy reveals innovative spaces where governments, international institutions and non-governmental actors interact and develop sociopolitical transformations within the State. The research analyzed four NGOs that focus on human rights and indigenous rights in Argentina and Mexico. We show the diversity of expressions of the globalized Americas that emerge from NGOs. This paper aims to present a typology of the transnational practices of NGOs in the Americas as “NGO Diplomacies.” These NGO Diplomacies can be split into the following sub-categories: Citizenship Diplomacy, Global Politics of the South, Civic Bi-nationality and Indigenous Diplomacy. The article seeks to posit the emergence of transnational practices of NGOs within various states in the Americas, as opposed to a permanent supranational activism around the world.

Keywords: Globalization, Civil Society, New Diplomacy, NGOs Diplomacy, Americas

Global Studies Journal, Volume 4, Issue 4, pp.183-196. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 1.496MB).

Antonio Alejo

PhD Candidate, Department of Political Science and Administration, Universidad de Santiago de Compostela, Santiago de Compostela, Galicia, Spain

Antonio Alejo, PhD, received a PhD in Contemporary Political Process from the University of Santiago de Compostela, Spain. Alejo’s recent Publications include: (2012) Globalizations and New Diplomacies in the Americas, The implementation of public policies for the inclusion of civil societies in foreign affairs agendas, international politics, and global agendas in Argentina and Mexico; (2012) Arctic National Wildlife Refuge and its future. The role of the Alaska natives in the struggle for oil; (2012) From invisibility to recognition in a society of migrants, The indigenous peoples in Argentina. Alejo’s areas of research interest include: globalizations: theories, processes, and dimensions; civil societies: actors, institutions and discourses; collective action, political processes and democratization in the Americas.


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