Scope, Relevance and Missions of Traditional Education: Implications for Partnership in Implementing Universal Basic Education Programme in Cross River State of Nigeria

By Roseline E. Tawo, Eno Asuquo, Esther, B. Arikpo and Arikpo B. Arikpo.

Published by The Global Studies Journal

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Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

Traditional education has been in existence in Nigeria long before the advent of Western education. Although Western education has virtually engulfed traditional education, it still plays a significant role among Nigerians. The traditional rulers and family heads are still relied on to provide enlightenment for the citizens through traditional methods of education. Considering the high rate of illiteracy in Nigeria vis-a-vis the UN war against illiteracy, Nigeria introduced a new illiteracy eradication programme, which is aimed at the illiterate and poor masses, most of who rely on their traditional institutions and methodology for enlightenment. This study, therefore, assessed the perception of the respondents on the relevance of traditional education methodologies (use of towncriers, storytelling, local songs and proverbs) as a complementary form of education in implementing the Universal Basic Education (UBE) programme in the state. Two hundred respondents were randomly selected from among the traditional rulers, family heads, government officials, NGOs, and illiterate citizens for the study. A 16-item questionnaire constructed by the researchers on a modified four point, Likert-type scale was used. The data was analysed using independent t-test and a one-way analysis of variance. The results showed that the use of traditional education methods has a critical positive impact on the effective participation of Nigerians in the implementation of the UN MDGs and UBE scheme in the state. Based on this, it was recommended that the various methods of traditional education be appropriately introduced into the UBE scheme in the country.

Keywords: Scope, Relevance, Mission, Traditional Education, Partnership, Universal Basic Education

Global Studies Journal, Volume 5, Issue 1, pp.17-26. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 257.878KB).

Dr. Roseline E. Tawo

Lecturer, Department of Adult and Continuing Education, University of Calabar, Calabar, Cross River State, Nigeria

Dr. Roseline E. Tawo holds a Ph.D Degree in Guidance and Counselling from University of Calabar in Calabar, Nigeria, where she is currently teaching in the Department of Adult and Continuing Education. She served as the Coordinator of the B.Ed. Consultancy Programme, Course Adviser, Examination Officer, Industrial Attachment Coordinator, and Supervises student’s projects/thesis among other things. She also served as the Head of the Department of Research and Statistics in the Local Government Education Authority, Calabar. She is a member of several professional associations (CASSON, NISEP, WCCI, NNCAE, NAWACS, ACDE, BAICE etc.) and has attended several conferences and published papers in many professional journals, both internationally and locally. She has over 17 articles in international journals, 10 in local journals, chapters in books and also a co-author of a book on psychology.

Dr. Eno Asuquo

Department of Curriculum & Teaching, University of Calabar, Calabar, Cross River State, Nigeria

Dr. Eno Asuquo studied Educational Technology and obtained her Ph.D from Obafemi Awolowo University Ile Ife, Osun State. She is currently lecturing in Department of Curriculum and Teaching, Faculty of Education, University of Calabar, Calabar-Nigeria for about seven years now. During this period, she has served as Course Adviser, Examination Officer and WAEC Supervisor. She has attended workshops/seminars within and outside Nigeria and has about 20 articles in journals, book chapters and review. Also, she is a member of professional bodies, such as RAN, IRA, GASAT, WIT-GIRL and Nigerian Association for MEADIA/ TECH, where she served as the National Treasurer. She is a Jerusalem Pilgrim and her hobbies are, reading, researching, mentoring, touring and cooking as a loving mother.

Esther, B. Arikpo

Graduate Student, Department of Adult & Continuing Education, University of Calabar, Calabar, Cross River State, Nigeria

Mrs. Esther B. Arikpo, a Nigerian and a teacher by profession, obtained her Nigerian Certificate of Education and a B.Sc Adult Education from the University of Calabar, Nigeria in 1997 and 2007 respectively. Currently, she is at the advanced stage of studies for her Masters degree (M.Ed) in Adult Education still from the University of Calabar. She is a member of Nigerian Union of Teachers and Graduate Students Association. She is married with children. Her hobbies are farming, singing and sports.

Prof. Arikpo B. Arikpo

Professor, Department of Adult and Continuing Education, University of Calabar, Calabar, Cross River State, Nigeria

Prof. Arikpo B. Arikpo: Prof. Arikpo B. Arikpo, a Nigerian with University education obtained from Nebraska University, USA, in 1984. He has been a lecturer in the Department of Adult and Continuing Education, University of Calabar in Calabar, Nigeria since 1986 till date. Prof. Arikpo’s other positions held include: Director in Cross River State Agency for Adult and Non-Formal Education; Coordinator for the University of Calabar Distance and Extra-mural Studies Programmes; and the Head of Department of Adult and Continuing Education. Prof. Arikpo is a member of many academic and service organisations, and a recipient of many honours and awards from Nigeria and the USA.


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