Transnational Terrorism: Globalization, Voluntary Compliance, and U.S. Port Security

By Barbara-Anne Steegmuller Johnson.

Published by The Global Studies Journal

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Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

This paper provides an analytical framework illustrating the interrelationship between globalized free trade and transnational maritime terrorism. A survey of economic and security literature explains problems stemming from voluntary compliance for cargo inspections and suggested solutions for increased port security. The United States is the primary target country of transnational terrorism because it has the greatest volume of dollar flows of goods from foreign countries. Bilateral international trade transactions are vulnerable to illegal trade activities with illegal goods, kidnapping, smuggling, weaponry and the like threatening global economic interests and facilitating trade-based money laundering for terrorism. Security agreements with foreign countries can facilitate security implementation at not only the point of destination but also at the point of origin. This case study examines how best to control for trade and terrorist interactions; how trade policies have created terrorism opportunities and also can help curtail these interactions; and what measures are being implemented by the Department of Homeland Security.

Keywords: Asymmetric Warfare, Contraband, Counterterrorism, Critical Infrastructure Protection, Customs-Trade Partnership Against Terrorism (C-TPAT), Globalization, Harbors, Homeland Security, Insurgency, Maritime, Prevention, Rebellion, Security Measures, Shipping, Strategy, Terrorist, Threats, Trade Flows, Transnational Terrorism, Unconventional Warfare, United States Government

The Global Studies Journal, Volume 5, Issue 4, pp.65-76. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 493.195KB).

Barbara-Anne Steegmuller Johnson

Doctoral Student, International Political Development and Security Studies, University of Southern Missisippi, Greensboro, NC, USA

Barbara-Anne Steegmuller Johnson is currently working on her PhD in International Political Development and Security Studies, with a minor in International Economic Development, and is a Sociology Professor. She is the executive producer, producer, director, and screenwriter of the award-winning documentary "Superpower" for which she won Documentary of the Year at the 5th Annual Hollywood F.A.M.E. Awards 2011; won the Bronze Award in the 32nd People’s Choice Telly Awards 2011; won The Director Award at the August Sun Film & TV Film Festival where "Superpower" was also nominated for Best Feature Documentary and The Grand Peace Award. "Superpower" won Best Feature Documentary in Moving Pictures Film Contest; won the overall film festival by being presented The Director’s Selection Award in the Twin Cities Arts Festival; received Honorable Mention in the Route 66 Film Festival; and was nominated for the Best North American Feature Documentary in the El Sawy, Egypt Film Festival.

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