Governmental Organizations and Non-Governmental Organizations Involvement in Managing Drinking Water: Disaster Affected Coastal Rural Area of Bangladesh

By Ekhtekharul Islam.

Published by The Global Studies Journal

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Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

The study covers some selected areas of Bangladesh- severely affected by the recent cyclone and storm surge resulting in the scarcity of drinking water. Disaster Management Frameworks demonstrate that external support by both governmental organizations (GOs) and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) capitalize human and community strength that leads to better management of drinking water during emergency. The study includes observations and analyses from field investigation conducted by interviewing individuals and key informants to collect primary data and by analyzing register books, meeting log books, and study reports from union council and NGO offices to collect secondary data. Thus it critically assesses and compares the field level activities of GOs and NGOs to manage drinking water supply in the area of this research study. The findings reveal that community participatory approach, strong monitoring, innovation, and trained staff contributed to the success and effectiveness of NGOs over GOs. Further study on issues like public behavioral changes, protection of fresh water sources and public reliance on external support is recommended. Finally, the study intends to contribute towards better implementation and orientation of strategies and activities by various actors to cope with drinking water crisis.

Keywords: Governmental Organizations, Non-Governmental Organizations, Drinking Water Supply

Global Studies Journal, Volume 6, Issue 1, pp.45-54. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 345.959KB).

Ekhtekharul Islam

Lecturer, Department of Social Relations, East West University, Dhaka, Bangladesh

I received my Bachelor of Science and Master of Science in environmental sciences from Jahangirnagar University, and my Master of Science in international development and management from Lund University. I worked at BRAC Research and Evaluation Division, which is affiliated with Environmental Research Unit, for more than one and half years. Currently, I am teaching undergraduate courses on social and environmental issues at East West University, Bangladesh. Disaster management is the focus of my professional and research interests.

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