Comparison of Social Spending and Tax Policy Before and After the Crisis: The Cases of Spain and Chile
|Published online: April 10, 2014
This paper provides a comparative overview of social policies between two countries, Spain and Chile, analyzed from two substantial aspects of social policy, social spending and tax policy. Each of these policy instruments reflects the overall development strategy of a country, but most countries have growth, equity, or employment creation and poverty reduction as their primary objectives (Prasad 2006). The aim of this paper is to compare the social policies in Spain and Chile using two Social Policy Index (SPI) sub-indexes in two stages previously defined 2004 – 2006 and 2009 – 2011. The analysis shows the effects of the economic crisis on social spending (that includes health, education, housing, social protection and social welfare) and tax policy. The results show variations in social policy, before and after the global economic crisis, in each country and its impact on the design of budgets, social spending foresight, and have involved the creation of new tax rates and changes in existing ones.
||Social Policy, Social Expenditure, Tax Revenue
Global Studies Journal, Volume 6, Issue 2, April 2014, pp.55-66.
Article: Print (Spiral Bound).
Published online: April 10, 2014 (Article: Electronic (PDF File; 422.348KB)).
Professor of Social Policy and Director of Polibienestar Research Institute, Polibienestar Research Institute, University of Valencia, Spain, Valencia, Valencia, Spain
Dr. Jorge Garcés Ferrer is a professor of Social Policy and the Director of Polibienestar Research Institute of University of Valencia, Spain. He has a Doctorate in psychology and Doctorate in political science and administration. He has also been a visiting professor at the University of Innsbruck (Austria) and at the Erasmus University in Rotterdam (The Netherlands), as well as a visiting researcher at the Universities of Washington, Oxford and Cambridge. He has a large experience in research projects on social and healthcare, older people, dependency and assistive technologies. The main European projects that he has developed are: LivingAll (FP6), Interlinks (FP7), Friends Online (Daphne EU Program), Be Supportive, Not violent! (Daphne Program), Smart technologies for self-service to seniors in social housing (AAL Program) and Alzheimer: Tremplin Intergenerationnel d´insertion sociale et professionanelle (Directorate General of Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion of the European Commission). He has also participated as the main researcher of 15 projects funded under national R&D calls. He is an author/co-author of 25 books written in Spanish, Valencian, German and English and more than 100 scientific papers. In 2009 he was awarded a Doctorate Honoris Causa by the University of San Pedro in the Republic of Peru.
Lecturer at the University of Valencia and Senior Researcher, Polibienestar Research Institute, University of Valencia, Valencia, Valencia, Spain
Dr. Francisco Ródenas Rigla has a PhD in sociology and is a lecturer at the University of Valencia and a researcher at the Polibienestar Research Institute, Valencia, Spain. His teaching experience started in 1992 on topics related to social services, administration, and public policy. Currently, he works as a lecturer at the Faculty of Social Science of the University of Valencia, where he teaches undergraduate and postgraduate courses. He is Director of the official Master's Degree in “Social Welfare: Individual, Family and Group Intervention.” He currently leads a research line on efficiency, quality of health, and social systems for long-term care. He has published in journals collected in ISI-Journal Citation Reports, such as Health Policy, Health and Social Care in the Community, International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, or European Journal of Ageing. He has participated in 5 European R & D projects, has directed 2 R & D competitive projects in Spain, and has been a part of the research team in over 30 projects and research contracts with government and the private sector. He has had research stays at the Instituto Superior de Ciências da Saúde-Sul (Portugal) and the University of Kent (UK).
Cinc Segles Researcher, Polibienestar Research Institute, University of Valencia, Valencia, Valencia, Spain
Gustavo Castillo Rozas is a Cinc Segles Researcher, at Polibienestar Research Institute, University of Valencia, Spain and is a Social Worker from University of Concepción (Chile). He has a Master’s in Social Welfare and is a PhD candidate in Social Sciences, both in the University of Valencia (Spain). His doctoral research develops the comparison of social policies between countries and welfare models. "Cinc Segles" Predoctoral Researcher, in contract phase, at "Polibienestar" Research Institute of Social Welfare Policies and the Department of Social Work and Social Services of the University of Valencia. In this Research Institute he has worked on a project on Governance in Peru and as part of the local organizing committee of the Annual Conference of ESPAnet 2011. Visiting Researcher in Chile, where he also taught undergraduate and postgraduate teaching in the departments of Social Work and Political and Administrative Sciences, University of Concepción. Professor of the official Master's Degree in "Social Welfare: Individual, Family and Group Intervention" in the subject “Aging, dependency and care coordination.” He is currently researching and delving into the area of social policy and comparative social policy.
Researcher, Polibienestar Research Institute, University of Valencia, Valencia, Valencia, Spain
Carla Vidal Figueroa is a junior researcher at the Polibienestar Research Institute, University of Valencia, Spain and is a Chilean Social Worker from University of Concepción. She has a Master's in Social Welfare from the University of Valencia (Spain) and is a PhD candidate in Social Sciences at the same university. She is a junior researcher at Polibienestar Research Institute, where she has worked on a project on Governance in Peru and as part of the local organizing committee of the Annual Conference of ESPAnet 2011. Visiting Researcher in University of Concepción in Chile, where she teaches undergraduate courses in the subject “Social Welfare Systems” and “Ageing and Social Work” in the Social Work Department, and postgraduate courses in the subjects “European Welfare States”, “Latin-American Social Protection” and “UN Millennium Development Goals”, in Political and Administrative Sciences Department. She is currently researching and delving into the area of social policy and comparative social policy.
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