The Empire as Rhizome and Assemblage: Deleuze and Guattari's Reading of Hardt and Negri's Empire

By Alvaro Malaina.

Published by The Global Studies Journal

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Published online: January 23, 2015 $US5.00

The book Empire by Michael Hardt and Antonio Negri (2000), followed by two sequels (2004, 2009), intended to be a twenty-first century Communist Manifesto, searching to explain systematically and holistically the current globalization. Nevertheless, their main influence would not be only Marx. A careful reading of their work shows that, along with the influence of Machiavelli, Spinoza and Foucault, it has as one of its main influences the book A Thousand Plateaus by Gilles Deleuze and Felix Guattari (1987). However, references to the two central concepts of this work, the "rhizome" and the "assemblage", are not systematically referred to in the text of Hardt and Negri. This article explains the concept of Empire through such concepts, looking to contribute to a better conceptualization of the myriad of diffuse and diverse processes known as “globalization.”

Keywords: Empire, Globalization, Rhizome, Assemblage

The Global Studies Journal, Volume 8, Issue 2, June 2015, pp.1-10. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Published online: January 23, 2015 (Article: Electronic (PDF File; 576.172KB)).

Dr. Alvaro Malaina

Postdoctoral Scholar, Department of Anthropology, University of California Berkeley, Berkeley, California, USA

I hold a Ph.D. in Sociology from the École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales (EHESS) of Paris and a European Doctorate from the University Complutense of Madrid. I have published a book (Le Paradigme de la Complexité et la Sociologie, L'Harmatta, Paris, 2012), and articles on different books and journals. I have been the General Secretary of the Association for Complexity Thinking (APC), founded and presided by the renowned French Sociologist Edgar Morin. My doctoral research was devoted to the study of the implications of complexity theory in sociology. I am currently a postdoctoral researcher at the Department of Anthropology, University of California-Berkeley. My current research topics lie in cultural globalization in East Asia. My theoretical framework combines the works of Michel Foucault and Pierre Bourdieu


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