|Published online: March 11, 2016||$US5.00|
This article argues that the ongoing ethnic conflict in South Sudan is, in part, attributable to lack of institutional capacity and enlightened leadership both at the central and state levels. More importantly, to the extent that a durable solution must address the root causes, the article supports the proposal for ethnic federalism as a means with which to mediate and manage the current civil strife and similar future conflicts, having regard to the fact that, more often than not, such conflicts arise as a result of competition over resources and political power among the feuding ethnic groups. The article concludes with a general observation that where a proposed public policy program, such as federalism, has the potential to alleviate the detrimental effects of a systemic or invidious disadvantage for even a small portion of the national population, leaving the status quo largely undisturbed, there is a strong moral incentive and rational basis to implement such a program.
|Keywords:||Federalism, Federation, Ethnic Federalism, Division of Power, Conflict Management, Ethnicity, Ethnic Compatibility, Political Stability, Marginalization|
PhD Student, Faculty of Law, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada
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