While both architecture and the built form are effective and powerful in their communicative qualities, iconic architecture plays a leading role in the way in which we form our cultural identity. It reflects the uniqueness and historical achievements of nations and also its own design assumptions and aesthetics which, for any culture, have been accumulated over a period of time, and represent the pride of nations. But in modern times, under the effect of modern western architecture, similarities in architectural abstraction of form are increasingly evident, despite the past objection to the negative impact of the international style. Such a trend is being marketed through the architecture of iconic buildings. The demand for iconic architecture today proves that modernity in general and the Industrial and French revolution, as the important hinges of modernity, did not alter the general trend of architecture in its history, which is the search for iconic buildings that prove the cultural and technological accomplishments of the nation. Charles Jencks comments that “the iconic building as a genre concerned mostly with its own iconicity is now the foremost category of architecture in the world.” Hence the important questions that should be asked in this age of globalization are: Why is it that iconic architecture is still considered to be a source of national pride? And what role does iconic architecture play in the emergence of the new global architecture and in what way?
When iconic architecture, becomes sovereign architecture, it presents itself as state of exception that plays an important role in changing the norms of the built form and asserting new rules. Furthermore, due to its initiation of subjective necessity, it helps to change the cultural identity of its setting. And because of the impact of globalization, information flow and new technology, it is leading the way towards a global agenda.
|Keywords:||Power, Iconic Architecture, Sovereignty, Globalization|
Assistant Professor, University of Baghdad and Doctoral Student, University of Auckland, Architecture, University of Baghdad, Iraq / University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand
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